Fine Antique Arms & Armour

Early 17th Century German Infantry Officer’s Broad Sword of Early “Walloon” Type Ref: 046.16


Price: £1,875

Item Description:


A fine German or Northern European single hand broad sword of early "Walloon" type, of robust munitions form, in good condition, dating to the first half of the17th century. The hilt is forged as a central block from which a round section knuckle bow rises to the pommel from the front quillon, swelling towards the middle, and cut with a decorative grooved waist. A heart shaped circular loop guard with a moulded border protects the fingers of the right hand which is infilled with a plate pierced with a diamond pattern of 9 apertures in early "Walloon" fashion. From this, to the side, a second main guard bar rises perpendicular to the knuckle bow, to the pommel, and is formed in similar fashion with a swollen middle and a waist. The hilt is strengthened by a further bar which links both these main guard bars together.


A downward tear drop shaped wrist guard emanates from the rear quillon and to the inside a thumb guard and loop is applied with an expanded defensive base. The urn shaped pommel has an expanded collar to its base and an integral raised pommel button on top. The baluster shaped wooden grip is of wood and sprially grooved to accommodate its copper wire binding. The grip was originally covered with shagreen of which fragile fragments remain still attached.


The tapering pointed double edged blade is of fine robust quality. A short pronounced ricasso is present after which the blade is of flattened hexagonal section for most of its length. A pronounced central fuller on both sides extends for 7.5 inches (19 cm) from the hilt. The blade is just under 32.5 inches long (82.5 cm).


Multifunctional swords of this type with double edged stiff blades were generally used in close quarter front line combat by infantrymen and pikemen when massed ranks met, sharp enough to cut through the less defended areas of an opponent, and strong enough to be used for thrusting to penetrate between plates of armour.


Condition: Fine original condition with minor age staining.


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