Fine Antique Arms & Armour

Highland Scottish Powder Horn Dated 1677


 

Price: £1,575


Item Description:

 

A fine powder horn in original and complete condition, fashioned from the pointed end of a cow horn which has been heat-flattened and pressed into shape. It is of a more imposing size than usual and retains its original latticed inlaid pewter nozzle girdle and wooden base plug secured by three pegs either side. The outer side is profusely incised with decorative panels and bands of typical Celtic / Gaelic interlace, scrollwork and fans within lined borders, plus the date and the owner's initials "DF". The inner side is decorated with a single band of counter-facing crescents separated by parallel lines.

 

The base plug is fixed - powder was poured into and out of the horn nozzle which was originally sealed with a stopper. Adjacent to the plug on the outer concave side of the horn, an iron suspension loop has been applied. Typically, near the nozzle, a raised ribbed shoulder has been formed by filing away the horn surface either side through which a second suspension loop has been bored.

 

For further examples of Highland powder horns see "The Swords and the Sorrows", National Trust for Scotland, 1996, pages 73 to 75, and the accompanying article by Jackie Mann. Horns like this are unlikely to have been made in Lowland Scottish burghs. More likely, they were made by horners settled in the Highlands and around the fringes, near markets, and on established drove roads. The patterns present on these Highland horns are similar to other Celtic / Gaelic motifs which appear on targes, dirks and plaid brooches which are associated with "Highland" craft, manufacture and art.


The surviving dated horns indicate that the peak period of the best quality manufacture was from the 1670s to the 1690s. In Whitelaw's classification system, this horn corresponds to those "Horns with their surface divided up by cross bands of interlace and fan ornament..." This one with the date of 1677 is one of the earliest known.


Overall the horn is in good condition apart from a small dent about mid-way along the convex edge of the most decorous side which appears to a flaw in the horn exacerbated by the original heat treatment in its formation rather than damage.


The overall length measured from extremity to extremity is 12.75 inches (32.3 cm). The base is just over 3.75 inches (just under 10 cm) across.


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